Care-based theory a type of ethical theory of health care based on the two central constructive ideas of mutual interdependence and emotional response the ethics of care is a rejection of impartial, principle-driven, dispassionate reasoning and judgment that has often dominated the models and paradigms of bioethics. 1 aims and methods of moral philosophy the most basic aim of moral philosophy, and so also of the groundwork, is, in kant's view, to seek out the foundational principle of a metaphysics of morals, which kant understands as a system of a priori moral principles that apply the ci to human persons in all times and cultures. Kantian ethics ethical theories may be said to be kantian if they take their inspiration or focus from themes in the ethical theory of immanuel kant, while attempting something other than interpretation, development, or defense of kant's own ethical theory. This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.
(you can find a more detailed summary of kant's ethics here) kant's most basic presupposition regarding ethics was his belief in human freedom while the natural world operates according to laws of cause and effect, the moral world operates according to self-imposed laws of freedom. Kantian ethics differs from utilitarian ethics both in its scope and in the precision with which it guides action every action, whether of a person or of an agency, can be assessed by utilitarian methods, provided only that information is available about all the consequences of the act. German philosopher g w f hegel presented two main criticisms of kantian ethics he first argued that kantian ethics provides no specific information about what people should do because kant's moral law is solely a principle of non-contradiction.
Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email join 1,309 other followers. Contractualism vs contractarianism contractualism, a term used to describe kantian style social contract theory, shares a set of features with contractarianism, or hobbesian style social contract theory, which often leads them both to be classified as different types of social contract theories, which they are. One of the most important non-consequentialist ethical systems is due to immanuel kant, an 18th century german philosopher who is widely regarded as one of the most important, as well as one of the most difﬁcult. This video aims to explore and explains all aspects of kantian ethics within 6 minutes it has been read and created by komilla chadha and a-level religious studies student. Kantian ethics in a nutshell, surrounds what kant calls the categorical imperative kants ethical system is one of duty ethics, in that people are duty bound to abide by the moral system (think religious ten commandments and thou shalt not.
Kant: the moral order having mastered epistemology and metaphysics, kant believed that a rigorous application of the same methods of reasoning would yield an equal success in dealing with the problems of moral philosophy. Kantianism boils moral reasoning down to the categorical imperative utilitarianism renders it a simple calculus of utility and contractarianism posits an abstract, universal framework for ethics. Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory ascribed to the german philosopher immanuel kant quotes about kantian ethics  that which also ends, however, is weber's subscription to a kantian ethic of duty when it comes to the possibility of a universal law of reason.
Notre dame philosophical reviews is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal that publishes timely reviews of scholarly philosophy books. Immanuel kant: metaphysics immanuel kant (1724-1804) is one of the most influential philosophers in the history of western philosophy his contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him. Kantianism vs utilitarianism those who are not students of philosophy, words like utilitarianism and kantianism may sound alien, but for those who try to tackle questions of ethics and wisdom, these two represent important viewpoints.
Kant's ethics state that human beings must follow a categorical imperative, which is an absolute moral standard that does not vary based on individual circumstances kant stated that a behavior is only ethical when it would remain beneficial if performed universally by everyone philosopher immanuel. Kantian ethics are based on the theories of morality of immanuel kant, an 18th century philosopherthe system of ethics devised by kant remains influential to this day, though it is far from universally accepted.
Immanuel kant's theory of ethics is one of the several possible formulations for theories of ethics all of the ethical formulations proposed by different people can be used to evaluate a situation to analyze possible courses of actions. After reading the oil rig case, it is evident that the case presented an all too common example of violating sound ethical business behavior where humans are subjected to ill treatment, unsafe work condition, and total disregard for their welfare. The book is a collection of essays by one of the leading kant scholars and eminent philosopher, robert stern the volume contains 14 articles, seven of which deal directly with kant's moral philosophy and contemporary interpretations of it, while the other seven cover an impressive range of later. Introduction the term deontology comes from the greek word deon, meaning dutythe theory of deontology states we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome.